Mbe Mountains

Mbe Mountain BannerThe Mbe Mountains cover an area of approximately 85km2 forming an important habitat corridor linking Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary to the west with the Okwangwo Division of Cross of several endangered species including the critically endangered Cross River gorilla, the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee, the drill, leopard and forest elephant.River National Park and Cameroon to the east.
Lacking any formal conservation status the Mbe Mountains are traditionally owned by the nine communities that surround the mountain and since 2007 have been managed by the Conservation Association of the Mbe Mountains with support from WCS.  Rising to heights of 900m the Mbe Mountains contain important populations

The Mbe River during dry season





Conservation Challenges

The Mbe Mountains are surrounded by nine communities with a total population of approximately 10,000 people.  With local support, and constant efforts by a team of 12 eco-guards managed by WCS, levels of hunting have been dramatically reduced.  However farming and logging in surrounding lowlands threatens to isolate Mbe from adjacent forests.

Conservation Approach

The Mbe Mountains are managed by CAMM with support from WCS and the Cross River State Forestry Commission.  A team of 12 eco-guards provide protection for the area and its wildlife enforcing local rules and regulations.

[Mbe eco-guards]


Support efforts by the Conservation Association of the Mbe Mountains and the Cross River State Forestry Commission to protect the Mbe Mountains and its endangered wildlife and provide benefits to local people.


From three base camps high up on the slopes of the mountain a team of twelve eco-guards patrol the area on a regular basis.  A conservation education and awareness raising program provides support for 11 school conservation clubs and uses radio drama and film shows to spread conservation messages within the area.  WCS has provided training for 20 hunters from Mbe in bee-keeping and snail farming, helping to supplement local livelihoods and reduce pressure on the forest.  WCS works closely with CAMM – helping to produce a management plan for the area and with boundary demarcation.  In the long-term we hope to develop basic facilities toaccommodate tourists and thus provide some benefits for local people.

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Key Staff

Inaoyom Sunday Imong
Director, Cross River Landscape
Jonathan Obi Eban
WCS Project Manager-Mbe Mountains
All Mbe Mountains Community Wildlife Sanctuary Staff >>


WCS Nigeria
GPO Box 796, Calabar, Nigeria
234 9032353912

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United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Save Our Species
Convention on Migratory Species
Great Apes Survival
IUCN Primate Specialist Group, Section on Great Apes

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